The 2 April is the day of Andersen's 202th birthday .Right now I would like to give you a brief introduction about Mr.Andersen.Born under extremely poor conditions in the Danish town Odense (the Island of Funen), Hans Christian Andersen (1805-1875) was a master of the fairy tales in the 19th century.As a child he was highly dissociable,self-contemptuous, and emotional.All these characters and his unattractive appearance made him very unpopular.The Ugly Duckling was considered his autobiographical work.His early years were full of misadventures.His father was a shoemaker and his mother worked as a washerwoman. Andersen received little early education because of poor family circumstances.But it was his devotion and dedication to literature that finally contributed to his great success.
Andersen was not only a fairy tale writer but a poet, a playwright and a traveler.And he was also good at paper cutting.Poor family background in his childhood and no opportunities to learn made him keenly feel that there was nobody who was in want of reading more than poor children .In order to strive for the next generation Andersen made up his mind to write fairy tales for kids,and published his book named The Story Told to The Children .In the following years the same type of fairy tales were published at each christmas.He had continued producing his new works until he was cancered.There were total 168 fairy tales written by Andersen in his nearly 40 years.His works were characterized by their unique style: the poetic beauty and the bouffe humor.The former was predominant style that embodied itself in the chantable stories while the latter in the sarcastic ones.
After the publication of Andersen's first fairy tales, "Romantic" movement initiated by poet (厄楞士雷革)（1779～1850)was on the march in Denmark.Different from the style of those romanticists,his style,filled with strong and rustic features, was imaginative ,vivid and not specious at all.Andersen's representative works contained "Thumbelina","The Emperor's New Clothes","The Little Mermaid","The Wild Swans", "The Little Match-seller",and "The Ugly Duckling" etc.His works influenced the children so stong that his literary figure,the Mermaid's statue,still stands by the sea at Copenhagen port as the symbol of Denmark.
The Little Mermaid lives at the sea bottom with her father the Sea King, her grandmother, and her five older sisters, born one year apart. When a mermaid turns 15, she may swim to the surface to watch the world above, and as the sisters become old enough one of them visits the surface every year. As each of them returns the Little Mermaid listens longingly to their descriptions of the surface and human beings.
When the Little Mermaid turns 15 she ventures to the surface. She sees a ship with a handsome prince, and falls in love with him. There comes a great storm, and the prince almost drowns, but the Little Mermaid saves him and she delivers him unconscious to the shore near a temple. Here she waits until he is found by a young girl from the temple. But the prince never sees the Little Mermaid.
The Little Mermaid asks her grandmother whether humans can live forever if they do not drown. She is told that no, humans have an even shorter lifespan than mermaids. Mermaids live for 300 years, but when they die they turn to sea foam and cease to exist. Humans, on the other hand, have a short lifespan on earth, but they have an eternal soul that lives on in heaven even after they die. The Little Mermaid spends her days longing for the prince and for an eternal soul. At last she goes to the Sea Witch, who sells her a potion that gives her legs, in exchange for her tongue, because the Little Mermaid has the prettiest voice in the world. But drinking the potion will feel like a sword being passed through her, and walking on her feet will feel like walking on knives. And she will only get a soul if the prince loves her and marries her, for then a part of his soul will flow into her. Otherwise, at dawn on the first day after he marries another woman, the Little Mermaid will die broken-hearted and turn to sea foam.
The Little Mermaid drinks the potion and meets the prince, who is attracted to her beauty and grace even though she is mute. Most of all he likes to see her dance and she dances for him even though it feels like dancing on knives. The prince loves her like one loves a child.
The time comes when the king decides that the prince is to marry the neighboring king's daughter. The prince tells the Little Mermaid that he will not marry the princess because he does not love her. He can only love the young girl who once saved his life, the girl who unfortunately belongs to the temple. He also tells the Little Mermaid that she is beginning to take the temple girl's place in his heart. However, it turns out that the princess is the temple girl; she had only been sent to the temple to be educated. The prince loves her and the wedding is announced.
The prince and princess are married and the Little Mermaid's heart breaks. She thinks of all that she has given up in order to be with the prince and to gain an eternal soul - her beautiful voice, her wonderful home, her loving family, her life - and of all the pain that she has suffered; all without the prince ever having a thought thereof. She despairs, but before dawn her sisters come to her and give her a knife that the Sea Witch has given them in exchange for their hair. If the Little Mermaid slays the prince with the knife she will become a mermaid again and be able to live out her full life under the sea.
But the Little Mermaid cannot bring herself to kill the sleeping prince lying with his bride and, as dawn breaks, throws herself into the sea. Here her body dissolves into sea foam, but instead of ceasing to exist, she feels the warmth of the sun; She has turned into a spirit, a daughter of the air. The other daughters of the air tell her that she has become like them because she, like them, strove with all her heart to gain an eternal soul. As a mermaid her gaining a soul was dependent on another, the prince, but as a daughter of the air she will earn her own soul by doing good deeds. When 300 years have passed she will have earned her soul and will rise into the kingdom of God. This time can be shortened for you see, with each good child she finds she subtracts a year, while she adds a day for each tear she must shed over a wicked child.
Many critics considered the last episode with its happy end to be rather "stuck on", with the tale's natural dramatic ending being the moment of supreme tragic renunciation when the Mermaid chooses to die irrevocably rather than kill her beloved prince. Debate on this point has been a continuous topic in Andersen scholarship more or less since such scholarship existed, and is likely to continue.
The Hans Christian Andersen fairy tale based on the real-life, full of desire for a better, these works of art that shook the world, opened a fairy tale on the creation of a new chapter in the history of literature in the world.
In Denmark's capital Copenhagen at the entrance of the sea, there is a bronze statue from the water.It tells people this is Denmark, because it is Denmark a symbol.But it does not mean Denmark's founding fathers, nor representative of Denmark a dynasty of distinguished hero, just an ordinary woman.She sat on a rock, looking thoughtfully at the sea.She thought what?
Who do not guess.No one can call out her name.She had no legs, only one tail, her mermaid-"daughter of the sea", Denmark author Hans Christian Andersen wrote a fairy tale hero.
Introduction to the contents of the Little Mermaid: the Little Mermaid and Prince together on the land you love, with his beautiful voice and 300 years of life for a witch of wine, and she has a beautiful pair of feet every step of the way is like walking on broken glass, like pain.Watching the Prince and married someone else, she would sacrifice her life for the Prince's wishes.Little Mermaid Act let us see what is the real love what is beautiful, what is pure love, love.
Description of the ugly duckling: ugly duckling have experienced hardships, many tribulations into a Swan, that is because it has a dream, dream of supporting it.Destiny is really no track is the key for a better State, the pursuit of ideals.Frustration and pain is inevitable in life, learn to trample them underfoot, each child will have a their own dreams, as long as they learn to set goals, grow in self-confidence, self-improvement and self-reliance through hard work they will really realize that they could become a "White Swan", also can realize dreams like a ugly duckling.
Introduction of the beetle: a beetle Palace stables requirements and treated like the Emperor's horse: the Golden Palm on the nail.To this end, he gave his tour to prove to himself and the horse, is a character that cannot be underestimated.He is most proud of, that dream come true at the moment, but by the Emperor under saddle.Yes, somebody has more characters on top.
Description of the Wild Swans: this is a struggle of good versus evil, Eliza was a frail woman, but she had to overcome her much more powerful, powerful Queen and Bishop, rescued by the Queen of the Magic Swan 11 brother.She succeeded by virtue of her courage, determination, and perseverance.Stinging nettles stinging pain of a year and could not speak, it takes a lot of courage to face.Bishop framed on her and burned her punishment, she has not given up, has been insisting at the last minute, finally finished her work.If we have the courage and perseverance, will be the final Victor.
Introduction of the Nightingale: Nightingale and graceful voice, won the praise of erudite throughout the world, also won the Chinese emperor's tears.The Emperor lay dying, again came to the Emperor's side as he sang the Nightingale, Yama disappearing after Angel tears
Brief introduction of the spruce: small spruce enjoying the warm sun and fresh air, but turn a blind eye to these beautiful things.It always complained he was too slow, and one day, it was spruced up, into the mansion's Christmas trees, attracts everyone's attention.To it, nothing is more fun than anything.But before long, the spruce was thrown into the fire, into another new thing.This is a story all the kids want to hear.Everyone's life is only once, should cherish all that happiness is all around us, the key is we have to grasp, can feel.